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杨中楷; 梁永霞; 刘盛博
Source Publication中国科学院院刊
Other Abstract It is generally believed that the main form of scientific research results of scientists is scientific papers, in particular for the Nobel scientists' work. But trends of recent years show that Nobel scientists have also applied for a large number of patents, even those scientists seemed to be engaged in basic scientific research have showed a strong patent awareness. Shinya Yamanaka, the 2012 Nobel Prize Winner from Japan, is one of the typical representatives. As one of the pioneers on the research of iPS, Shinya Yamanaka, whose published scientific papers have been cited most at present, has applied for several patents in dozens of countries including US. We found that the Paper-Patent binary behavior pattern of Shinya Yamanaka, which has obvious logical rationality and continuity of action, is worth of learning by our scientists. We suggest that the most magnificent tasks in science are to change original scientific research mode that scientists and engineers are quite distinct from each other and to promote the integration and collaboration among scientists and engineers, thus not only to produce high level scientific papers, but also to explore new technology principle, accelerate the production of major basic and original new technologies, acquire independent intellectual property rights, and promote the realization of the original innovation. Promoting scientists forming the Paper-Patent binary behavior pattern needs not only scientists' self cultivation and promotion of patent awareness, but also guidance and motivation at the policy level. Policy makers should positively adjust present patent policy and encourage technological patent for inventions transformed from basic research results. Intellectual property appraisal activities of major economic and technological activities carried out at present is a good beginning. Meanwhile, it is necessary to examine their performance on international academic frontiers of high-level results output, both publish of high-level scientific papers and transform the academic results into technology, in the evaluation of scientists and engineers. Both the dominant and direct benefits output, and the medium and long term potential of technological innovation and industrial innovation, were considered during our investigation.
Keyword山中伸弥 论文—专利 发明发现性实验
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Document Type期刊论文
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杨中楷,梁永霞,刘盛博. 山中伸弥的“论文-专利”二元行为模式分析[J]. 中国科学院院刊,2016(9):1088-1095.
APA 杨中楷,梁永霞,&刘盛博.(2016).山中伸弥的“论文-专利”二元行为模式分析.中国科学院院刊(9),1088-1095.
MLA 杨中楷,et al."山中伸弥的“论文-专利”二元行为模式分析".中国科学院院刊 .9(2016):1088-1095.
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