The bio-based products and bioenergy have been one of important resolution to the risk of energy and environmental crisis, and the development of science and technology (S&T) are also becoming to be focus field. Several common features of the bio-based industry S&T strategies have been induced by panoramic scanning and comprehensive analyses to European Union (EU) bio-based projects and priority areas. The findings concluded as below: EU adopts a combination of policies and projects to promote and regulate the development of bio-based industry S&T. During these years, the implements of policies have turned to be specialized from general, and the objectives of projects have become extensive more than before. China can draw on the EU's extensive experience in the strategies and policies, and promoting the development and innovation of bio-based S&T.